The mission of the Oklahoma Military Department is to preserve the state and the nation through the organization and training of the Oklahoma National Guard, to be ready for Federal duty when called upon by the President of the United States, pursuant to Congressional authority, and to be ready for State duty when called upon by the Governor of Oklahoma.
The Oklahoma Military Department is responsible for:
1. Recruiting of enlisted members and commissioning of officers to the allowable strength, and maintenance of all records pertaining to National Guard personnel;
2. Receiving, storing, issuing and accounting for, Federal and State property, including distribution to all units throughout the state;
3. Maintenance of armories, facilities, Air National Guard Bases, training sites, ranges and all Federal and State property issued to the Oklahoma National Guard;
4. Construction of armories and facilities on a Federal matching fund basis;
5. The National Guard is utilized in time of local and state wide emergencies under the direction of the Governor.
6. The Oklahoma Army National Guard administers the Oklahoma Youth Challenge Program.
Title 44, of the Oklahoma Statutes.
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA / SERVICES PROVIDED
FY-93 FY-94 FY-95 Criteria/Service: Actual Actual Budgeted MILITARY PERSONNEL ACTIONS Enlist. of Natl. Guard Off. & Enlisted 1,314 1,894 1,800 Dischg. Natl. Guard Off. & Enlisted Men 1,866 1,581 1,200 Individuals ordered to active duty Desert Shield/Storm 8 0 0 Other 0 0 0 OPERATIONS & TRAINING ACTIONS State Active Duty (# of actions) 5 7 10 National Guardsmen involved 127 150 250 Man days required 1,220 1,250 900 Local civil defense emergency excercises 2 2 2 MAINTENANCE OF FACILITIES Number of armories and major buildings 379 360 360 Square footage (X 1000) 3,767 2,646 2,646 Maintenance shops 23 24 24 Square footage (X 1000) 138 143 143EXPENDITURES BY FUND
FY-93 FY-94 FY-95 Type of Fund: Actual Actual Budgeted State Appropriated Funds: $4,141,655 $4,200,213 $4,014,065 State Continuing/Revolving Funds 205 45th Infantry Museum Revolving Funds 13,753 $10,567 6,000 210 Surplus Facility Fund 96,817 99,056 464,733 215 Leisure Travel Rebate Fund 5,048 4,918 15,000 424 State Emergency Fund 0 0 12,320 Total Continuing/Revolving Funds: 115,618 114,541 498,053 Federal Funds: 400 Army Reimbursement Federal Funds 2,136,272 3,572,715 5,876,571 405 Air Reimbursement Federal Funds 2,195,550 2,528,715 2,770,307 Total Federal Funds: 4,331,822 6,101,430 8,646,878 Total Expenditures by Fund: $8,589,095 $10,416,184 $13,158,996 Capital Outlay Expenditures: State Appropriated Funds $500,000 130 Bond Money Issue $95,281 $73,046 0 400 Army Reimbursement 8,717,100 426 Oil Overcharge 114,000 Total Capital Outlay Expenditures $95,281 $73,046 $9,331,100EXPENDITURES BY OBJECT
FY-93 FY-94 FY-95 Object of Expenditure Actual Actual Budgeted Salaries and Benefits $6,060,331 $6,935,489 $7,834,110 Professional Services 33,545 132,965 241,000 Travel 20,409 35,309 87,052 Lease-Purchase Expenditures 0 0 0 Equipment 17,808 175,274 212,150 Other Operating Expenses 2,457,002 3,137,147 4,784,684 Total Expenditures by Object $8,589,095 $10,416,184 $13,158,996EXPENDITURES BY BUDGET ACTIVITY / SUB-ACTIVITY
FY-93 FY-94 FY-95 Activity No. and Name Actual Actual Budgeted 10 Administration $3,322,577 $3,519,465 $3,932,906 20 Operations - Army 760,062 717,812 781,476 30 Training Sites 897,801 2,283,158 4,282,205 40 Air Guard Oklahoma City 1,280,524 1,334,521 1,357,493 50 Air Guard - Tulsa 1,146,912 1,359,268 1,670,587 60 Support Services 1,112,554 1,123,833 1,134,329 70 Reserve 68,665 78,127 0 Total Expenditures by Activity $8,589,095 $10,416,184 $13,158,996FULL-TIME-EQUIVALENT EMPLOYEES (FTE) and VEHICLES
FY-93 FY-94 FY-95 Activity No. and Name Actual Actual Budgeted 10 Administration 42.5 45.0 45.0 20 Operations - Army 25.4 25.5 26.0 30 Training Sites 33.3 57.6 67.0 40 Air Guard Oklahoma City 37.3 35.6 33.0 50 Air Guard - Tulsa 30.3 35.6 39.0 60 Support Services 31.7 31.4 31.0 Total FTE 200.5 230.7 241.0 Number of Vehicles 4 7 7
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE / REVIEW
Before a clear picture of past budget initiatives can be drawn, a review of the interaction between state and federal matters concerning the Oklahoma Military Department is appropriate.
The funding needs of the Oklahoma Military Department (OMD) are driven from two spheres, first from its status as a state agency, and second, from its role as a federal armed force. For example, the agency may require additional state funding for state mandated programs, such as a pay raise for state employees (but only for the percentage of actual state employees, as many OMD positions are partially or fully federally funded). Funding increases may also be required to meet federal program spending, such as state matching funds for construction of an armory, or maintenance staff for a new 100% federal funded installation.
Some programs are funded fully with state dollars, others are 100% federally funded. However, many are split, funded with both state and federal dollars in various degrees. Of the agency's $13 million budget, 67% consists of federal funds in Air and Army National Guard funding. The Military Department is responsible for the administration and maintenance of the Air and Army National Guard armories, bases and training facilities. These facilities include the C-130 airlift wing based at Will Rogers airport in Oklahoma City, the F-16 jet fighter squadron and helicopter unit at Tulsa, a major training facility at Camp Gruber, eighty-four active armories and other secondary facilities.
Obviously all of the arms, aircraft, tanks, missile launchers and associated supplies used by Oklahoma Guard forces are not included in the Military Department's $9.4 million budget. In concert with the administrative budget of the Oklahoma Military Department, the federal government expends more than $85 million each year to equip and supply the state's National Guard forces.
In light of the above perspective, the state appropriation to the Oklahoma Military Department for FY-95 amounts to $4,514,065, which is 15% greater than in FY-86. Of the 244 on-board FTE, 69 are 100% state funded, 32 FTE are 75/25 federally reimbursable, and 143 are 100% federally reimbursable. The Federal funding for the OMD grew from $3.2 million during FY-87 to $8.6 million in FY-95, a 63% increase.
Increases in state appropriations were tied to both state and federal initiatives. For example: In FY-89, authority for 24 additional FTE was granted to the agency; four were 100% state funded, thirteen were 25% state funded and the final seven were 100% federally funded. Of the total $322,306 state funding increase for FY-89; $40,000 was designated for utilities expenditures for new armories (construction 75% federally funded), $45,000 for maintenance of older armories (a growing problem) and $201,000 for state employee pay and retirement contribution increases.
In addition to the operations funding, $404,300 was appropriated as the state's share of construction funding for the Army Aviation Support Facility and its accompanying armory in Tulsa. And then for FY-91, when the Army Aviation Facility was completed, state funding was granted for 5 FTE maintenance and security personnel (the key responsibilities for the Oklahoma Military Department) at the new helicopter base for FY-91.
Aside from the state match of federal initiatives (of which the overall balance of funding is decidedly tipped to the federal side) there is one key state responsibility that has begun to demand more and more of available state funds, that is the maintenance and repair of older armories. The sole responsibility of the state, the 122 armories and related facilities are not only used for military training but also for disaster relief centers and for community meetings and events.
Maintenance needs for armories are now acute because of aging structures. 46% of the facilities were built before 1950, many as WPA projects during the 1930's. The Military Department estimates that as much as 15 million dollars may be necessary to repair and update maintenance on the armories. As of FY-91, $348,000 (the lion's share in FY-90) has been appropriated for armory maintenance and repair during the last three fiscal years.
In fiscal year, FY-92, the Legislature appropriated $280,000 for emergency repair of state armories damaged by tornados, removal of asbestos and a lead abatement program that drastically impacted the environmental functionality of several structures. The 1991 Legislature also recognized the necessity to give $66,000 for the testing and remedy of leaking underground storage tanks in order to comply with the regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Corporation Commission.
FY-92 was a year of turmoil for the Oklahoma Military Department. The legislature provided a FY-92 supplemental apropriation of $376,810 to pay for past due utility bills and the sub-committee members sternly warned Guard officials to do better.
In the midst of a budgetary short-fall, a visit from the State Auditor and Inspector and an OSBI probe, the Pentagon announced on March 26, 1992 a significant reduction in part of Oklahoma's National Guard and its reserve component over the next five years. The biggest and loudest bang came with the announcement that the 45th Infantry Brigade, better known as the "Thunderbirds" would be pared from 3,689 to about 290 troops. Upon hearing of the Defense Department's proposed cuts, 40 governors sent letters to Congress and President Bush to defend the Guard saying that a reduction would leave the Guard unable to respond to such statewide emergencies as riots, and natural disasters. After much debate, the House Armed Services Committee restored 2,583 positions to Oklahoma when the committee completed its work on the federal fiscal 1993 defense spending bill. The restoration enabled the Oklahoma Military Department to accomplish a modernization plan for the 45th and submitted to the National Guard Bureau for review in November 1991.
With less than projected FY-93 revenue available for appropriation by the legislature for FY-94, the lawmakers were forced to cut budgets and reprioritize state needs. One method used by the lawmakers to close the budget gap, was the implementation of budget cuts averaging 10% of the base for most appropriated agencies. The agency was appropriated $3,955,700, a reduction of $208,195 or (5%) from FY-93. To reduce the effects of the budgetary cuts, the legislature supported the Governor's recommendation that agencies should be allowed to use FY-93 savings for non-recurring, one-time expenditure for FY-94.
For FY-95, the OMD was awarded $58,365 to compensate the agency for the state employee pay plan, and $500,000 for implementation of OMD 2,000. The department was given $25,000 as one-times from the TISRAD Revolving Fund for purchase of a fire suppression system for the 45th Infantry Museum. Total percentage change in appropriated monies from FY'94 was 14.75%.
In recent years the physical structure of many Oklahoma national guard armories have seriously deteriorated due to budgetary reductions. To help offset the financial shortfalls in the area of armory maintenance, the OMD began an innovative program that has preserved 16 armories in rural communities for use by community organizations. In many rural communities across Oklahoma, the armory is the center for all local activities. The organizations that use the facilities pay either rent or all of the facilities utilities. The agency then pays maintenance costs out of the funds raised, thus saving tax dollars.
For FY-95, the legislature appropriated $500,000 from the Constitutional Reserve Fund for the implementation of OMD 2,000, a 15 year, $11.5 million program. The program is a long range, comprehensive maintenance plan for restoring the national guard armories to maintenance standards.
In 1994, the department received a $1.8 million, (100% federally funded) grant to the Whitaker Education and Training Center from the U.S. Department of Defense for the National Guard Youth Challenge Program (ChalleNGe). This a $44 million Department of Defense project, funded for three years, aimed at youthful dropouts on the edge of poverty. The program currently being implemented across the country was developed by National Guard personnel and advisors in Oklahoma and West Virginia - Oklahoma is one of 10 statewide pilot programs funded by the government. Cadets who successfully complete the program will be awarded a GED certificate and $2,200, a job and a fresh start in life.
For FY-95, the program is being funded at $2.8 million, and increase of $1 million from the previous year. The National Guard Bureau has requested the Oklahoma National Guard to increase the class size to 200 for FY-96 which will increase funding to $5.2 million.
For FY-95, the agency received $600,000 in pass-through monies from the Department of Human Services to implement a National Guard Mentorship program. The program is designed to provide a one-on-one relation with court adjudicated juvenile offenders. The program will be initiated in Oklahoma, Tulsa, Cleveland and Comanche counties. The goal is to have mentors in all counties by the end of FY-96.